This animal, also known as the Indian Rhinoceros, is native to Northern India and Nepal. By the early 20th century the species had been reduced to less than 200 individuals primarily through poaching and habitat destruction. Strict protection by Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities has allowed it to recover to over 3600 animals today.
This rhino is essentially a solitary animal except for females with calves. It is a grazer, eating primarily grass but also leaves fruit and aquatic plants. They are normally active at night and in the early morning. Individuals can live for over 40 years in the wild. They frequently go into the water and are good swimmers.
More than 10 distinct vocalizations have been identified. Except for conflict over breeding rights these animals appear to be social when meeting.
Greater One Horn Rhino @ Safari Niagara
- Our sole Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros is named Sabari
Did you know?
- The first successful birth through artificial insemination was at the Buffalo Zoo in 2014.
- The artist Albrecht Durer produced a woodcut of this animal in 1515. It became known as Durer’s Rhinoceros and was famous throughout Europe until the 18th century.